Type 2 diabetes mellitus has reached an epidemic level in our society affecting at least 1 in 10 Americans.
It is diagnosed with a HemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) level of higher than 6.4%. The HbA1c is a test that measures the average blood sugar level in the previous 12 weeks.
The goal of treating type 2 diabetes is mainly to avoid its complications which affects every organ system in the body.
It has been the conventional wisdom that to minimize the diabetes complications we have to drive the blood sugar low using initially oral medications and then insulin with the ultimate goal of making the patient’s blood sugar levels close to the levels of non-diabetics.
But that is not the whole truth. The latest research is alarming. This reveals that lower targets for HbA1c using oral medications and insulin failed to lower the morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes.1
If type 2 diabetes is a disease of elevated blood sugar level and if the complications is just due to higher glucose level in the blood, then lowering the blood sugar level should reduce the rate of morbidity and mortality.
The reason for that is elevated blood sugar level is not really the main problem. The root cause of type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. The body cells become resistant to the effects of insulin. One of the main functions of insulin is to drive the blood glucose into the cells for use. When the cells become resistant to the effects of insulin, less blood glucose is able to enter in to the cells which leads to elevated blood sugar levels.
In an attempt of the bloody to overcome this insulin resistance, the pancreas secretes excess amounts of insulin leading the blood insulin level of the patients with early type 2 diabetes to be up to 10 times the level in the non-diabetic population.
This abnormal and elevated high insulin level is responsible of many of the complications associated with type 2 diabetes mainly obesity, heart attack, stroke, hypertension, and high cholesterol.
The elevated insulin level also causes the insulin resistance to get worse. The hormonal receptor of insulin follows a negative feedback mechanism to control the effect of the hormones. When the hormone level is high, the receptors become less sensitive. When the hormone level is low, the receptor becomes more sensitive to its effects. It is part of a very important survival mechanism called homeostasis, which is the ability of the body to keep the intracellular environment constant when the external environment is changing.
What happens to the type 2 diabetes patient when injected with insulin in an attempt to bring the blood sugar down?
When the level of insulin which higher which is already elevated to start with this only serves to accelerate the resistance and cause more insulin resistance, gain more weight, and promote worsening of the complications of type 2 diabetes.
Also, it should be noted that insulin is the number one hormone responsible for fat metabolism. It is the Obesity Hormone. Insulin promotes fat gain and inhibits fat loss. It is impossible to lose weight when your insulin level is elevated which explains why many patients with type 2 diabetes are not able to lose weight, because their insulin level is too high.
Injecting these patients with insulin again make the matter of obesity much worse.
Blood sugar is just a symptom of the disease. Treating the blood sugar levels in the patient with type 2 diabetes is equivalent to just treating the fever in a patient with pneumonia and thinking that the more we bring the temperature down, the better for the patient which is actually the opposite as we are just masking the true disease but treating the symptoms.
The correct and definitive treatment of type 2 diabetes is to treat the insulin resistance and the elevated insulin level which in turn will lead to reversing the disease and also reversing its complications such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity.
The Metabolism Clinic in Charlotte, North Carolina is proud to be one of the few clinics nationwide to provide the cutting edge, state of the art Diabetes Reversal Program.
The Metabolism Clinic is established as the destination for weight loss and reversal of diabetes. Based in Charlotte, North Carolina. www.themetabolismclinic.com