Impaired glucose tolerance means that when the patient consumes glucose the body is unable to utilize it appropriately while it is present in circulation after absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.
Patient’s that have impaired glucose tolerance are at increased risk for developing diabetes mellitus type 2. The most common example of this seen is during pregnancy as it is standard to perform an oral glucose tolerance test at 24 to 28 weeks of gestation. The test is simple to perform with administration of 75 g of glucose (sugar) usually in the form of a liquid. The glucose level is checked after 2 hours of consuming the drink and if it is found to be between 140 and 199 mg/dL the patient is found to have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).
When impaired glucose tolerance is detected there is a variance among different populations in regards to the rate at which it progresses into prediabetes and diabetes mellitus type 2. Of note the Hispanic population was noted to have a higher rate of progression to prediabetes and diabetes mellitus type 2 when impaired glucose tolerance is detected.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 as well as prediabetes causes daily damage to the body that is without symptoms and is inclusive for every organ within the body. Patients with impaired glucose tolerance also are at increased risk for complications at the macrovascular level including coronary artery disease and stroke.
Impaired glucose tolerance is one of the most sensitive and quickest ways to detect a problem with glucose metabolism. Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a severely broken glucose metabolism whereby the cells within the body are unable to properly transport glucose into the cells and as a result glucose levels in the blood stream become elevated. When assessing the ability of an individual or patient to consume 75 g of carbohydrate you are in live time evaluating how the body is able to address that glucose load. If there is some variation of this glucose, low tolerance, or ability to control the glucose load that was administered then this serves as a sign of breakdown/impaired function within the system which then progresses to prediabetes and diabetes mellitus type 2.
The Metabolism Clinic is established at the destination for diabetes (type 2) reversal and weight loss by metabolism correction. Based in Charlotte, North Carolina. www.themetabolismclinic.com www.thediabetesreversal.com